ONLINE COLLOQUIUM: "Spin Entanglement Witness for Quantum Gravity" by Anupam Mazumdar (University of Groningen)
This colloquium will be online only:
Understanding gravity in the framework of quantum mechanics is one of the great challenges in modern physics. Along this line, a prime question is to find whether gravity is a quantum entity subject to the rules of quantum mechanics. It is fair to say that there are no feasible ideas yet to test the quantum coherent behaviour of gravity directly in a laboratory experiment. Here, I will introduce an idea for such a test based on the principle that two objects cannot be entangled without a quantum mediator. I will show that despite the weakness of gravity, the phase evolution induced by the gravitational interaction of two micron size test masses in adjacent matter-wave interferometers can detectably entangle them even when they are placed far apart enough to keep Casimir-Polder forces at bay. I will provide a prescription for witnessing this entanglement, which certifies gravity as a quantum coherent mediator, through simple correlation measurements between two spins: one embedded in each test mass. Fundamentally, the above entanglement is shown to certify that an exchange of a virtual graviton between the two superposed masses is inherently non-classical/quantum in nature.
RECORDING can be watched via this link: https://nikhef.zoom.us/rec/share/1eVSPYPcp0JOc7fStVvTY6EeO42_T6a80ygcqPVbyx2gEc1EODI1l3DQZzIXGT1t?startTime=1587719087000